[175], In 1998, Rowling sold the film rights of the first four Harry Potter books to Warner Bros. for a reported £1 million ($1,982,900). However, at the orders of the venerable and well-known wizard Albus Dumbledore, the orphaned Harry had been placed in the home of his unpleasant Muggle relatives, the Dursleys, who have kept him safe but treated him poorly, including confining him to a cupboard without meals and treating him as their servant. The film/book-based games are produced by Electronic Arts, as was Harry Potter: Quidditch World Cup, with the game version of the first entry in the series, Philosopher's Stone, being released in November 2001. [174] Time suggested that, on the same principle, Billboard should have created a separate "mop-tops" list in 1964 when the Beatles held the top five places in its list, and Nielsen should have created a separate game-show list when Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? Harry awakens and faces Voldemort, whose Horcruxes have all been destroyed. Achievements in Charming 2. by Jarry Lee. The spin-off games Book of Spells and Book of Potions were developed by London Studio and use the Wonderbook, an augmented reality book designed to be used in conjunction with the PlayStation Move and PlayStation Eye. [42][43][44] Rowling also exhibits Christian values in developing Albus Dumbledore as a God-like character, the divine, trusted leader of the series, guiding the long-suffering hero along his quest. [6] Other major themes in the series include prejudice, corruption, and madness.[7]. It is written by Matt Cox and was originally directed by Kristin McCarthy Parker. As Harry begins to explore the magical world, the reader is introduced to many of the primary locations used throughout the series. Juggling schoolwork, Umbridge's incessant and persistent efforts to land him in trouble and the defensive lessons, Harry begins to lose sleep as he constantly receives disturbing dreams about a dark corridor in the Ministry of Magic, followed by a burning desire to learn more. [97], The sport Quidditch, played by characters in the Harry Potter series, was created in 2005 and is played worldwide including at universities such as Harvard University, Yale University, and Washington University in St. [129], Early in its history, Harry Potter received positive reviews. The British magical community of the Harry Potter books is inspired by 1990s British culture, European folklore, classical mythology and alchemy, incorporating objects and wildlife such as magic wands, magic plants, potions, spells, flying broomsticks, centaurs and other magical creatures, and the Philosopher's Stone, beside others invented by Rowling. "[149], Jennifer Conn used Snape's and Quidditch coach Madam Hooch's teaching methods as examples of what to avoid and what to emulate in clinical teaching,[150] and Joyce Fields wrote that the books illustrate four of the five main topics in a typical first-year sociology class: "sociological concepts including culture, society, and socialisation; stratification and social inequality; social institutions; and social theory". [30] Pottermore opened to the general public on 14 April 2012. As Harry develops through his adolescence, he learns to overcome the problems that face him: magical, social, and emotional, including ordinary teenage challenges such as friendships, infatuation, romantic relationships, schoolwork and exams, anxiety, depression, stress, and the greater test of preparing himself for the confrontation that lies ahead in wizarding Britain's increasingly-violent second wizarding war.[10]. An important prophecy concerning Harry and Lord Voldemort is then revealed,[19] and Harry discovers that he and Voldemort have a painful connection, allowing Harry to view some of Voldemort's actions telepathically. Lists of Books by Title (Included in this list are the books mentioned in the entire series, including the annual Hogwarts booklists) [37][38], The Harry Potter stories feature medieval imagery and motifs drawn from the King Arthur stories. [84][85] For a later American release, Kazu Kibuishi created covers in a somewhat anime-influenced style. [73], The United States editions were adapted into American English to make them more understandable to a young American audience. ", "London Olympics: Voldemort, Mary Poppins Have An Epic Duel", "100 'most inspiring' novels revealed by BBC Arts", "Harry Potter 'is too boring and grown-up for young readers, "Why Harry Potter does not cast a spell over me", "Rowling books 'for people with stunted imaginations, "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows by JK Rowling", "JK Rowling: The mistress of all she surveys", "The Casual Vacancy: why I'm dreading JK Rowling's adult novel", "Person of the Year 2007 Runners-up: J. K. Rowling", "In Defense of Harry Potter: An Apologia", "The Trouble with Harry: A Reason for Teaching Media Literacy to Young Adults", "Harry Potter has limited effect on reading habits", "Hundreds of pet owls abandoned after Harry Potter craze fades", "Harry Potter tour accused of cruelty for use of live 'Hedwigs, "Investigating the impact of media on demand for wildlife: A case study of Harry Potter and the UK trade in owls", "Missing from 'Harry Potter" – a real moral struggle", "Private Harry Potter – Worcestershire Regiment", "Scholastic Inc, J.K. Rowling and Time Warner Entertainment Company, L.P, Plaintiffs/Counterclaim Defendants, -against- Nancy Stouffer: United States District Court for the Southern District of New York", "Warner Brothers bullying ruins Field family Xmas", Nashville school bans "Harry Potter" series, citing risk of "conjuring evil spirits", "Religious parents want Harry Potter banned from the classroom because it 'glorifies witchcraft, "Hogwarts is a winner because boys will be sexist neocon boys", "Ten Years Later, Harry Potter Vanishes From the Best-Seller List", "Books: Cover Stories At the Frankfurt Book Fair", "Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint and Emma Watson bring Harry, Ron and Hermione to life for Warner Bros. Pictures: Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone", "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone (2001)", "Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002)", "David Yates Dark Horizons Interview, OOTP and HBP Production", "Final 'Harry Potter' book will be split into two movies", "Warner Bros. Pictures mentions J. K. Rowling as producer", "New 'Potter' movie sneaks in spoilers for upcoming books", "Exclusive: Harry Potter Director David Yates", "How did you feel about the POA filmmakers leaving the Marauder's Map's background out of the story? At the end of the book, Harry and his friends learn about Dumbledore's past, as well as Snape's true motives – he had worked on Dumbledore's behalf since the murder of Harry's mother. Harry discovers that prejudice exists in the Wizarding World through delving into the school's history, and learns that Voldemort's reign of terror was often directed at wizards and witches who were descended from Muggles. [63] Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is the longest book in the series, at 766 pages in the UK version and 870 pages in the US version. [2] As of February 2018[update], the books have sold more than 500 million copies worldwide, making them the best-selling book series in history, and have been translated into eighty languages. [82] The first releases of the successive books in the series followed in the same style but somewhat more realistic, illustrating scenes from the books. [39], Like an Arthurian knight, Harry receives advice and encouragement from his mentor, Albus Dumbledore, who resembles both Merlin and King Arthur, but must vanquish his foes alone. [111] This record statistic was broken by Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, with 8.5 million, which was then shattered by Half-Blood Prince with 10.8 million copies. The stories are told from a third person limited point of view with very few exceptions (such as the opening chapters of Philosopher's Stone, Goblet of Fire and Deathly Hallows and the first two chapters of Half-Blood Prince). [31] Pottermore allows users to be sorted, be chosen by their wand and play various minigames. [120] Honours include a commendation for the Carnegie Medal (1997),[121] a short listing for the Guardian Children's Award (1998), and numerous listings on the notable books, editors' Choices, and best books lists of the American Library Association, The New York Times, Chicago Public Library, and Publishers Weekly. "[135], By contrast, author Fay Weldon, while admitting that the series is "not what the poets hoped for", nevertheless goes on to say, "but this is not poetry, it is readable, saleable, everyday, useful prose. [209] The Harry Potter universe is also featured in Lego Dimensions, with the settings and side characters featured in the Harry Potter Adventure World, and Harry, Voldemort, and Hermione as playable characters. Columbus declined to direct Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, only acting as producer. There is Voldemort's obsession with conquering death and his quest for immortality at any price, the goal of anyone with magic. Grab your books and read along to some of our favourite themed extracts! Nineteen-ish Years After or; There and Back Again was performed on April 4, 2020. [134] Ursula K. Le Guin said, "I have no great opinion of it. When so many adult critics were carrying on about the 'incredible originality' of the first Harry Potter book, I read it to find out what the fuss was about, and remained somewhat puzzled; it seemed a lively kid's fantasy crossed with a 'school novel,' good fare for its age group, but stylistically ordinary, imaginatively derivative, and ethically rather mean-spirited. [77][78] In June 2006, Rowling, on an appearance on the British talk show Richard & Judy, announced that the chapter had been modified as one character "got a reprieve" and two others who previously survived the story had in fact been killed. The word Muggle has spread beyond its Harry Potter origins, becoming one of few pop culture words to land in the Oxford English Dictionary. "[140], Sameer Rahim of The Daily Telegraph disagreed, saying "It depresses me to see 16- and 17-year-olds reading the series when they could be reading the great novels of childhood such as Oliver Twist or A House for Mr Biswas. [47] Rowling has stated that the books comprise "a prolonged argument for tolerance, a prolonged plea for an end to bigotry" and that they also pass on a message to "question authority and... not assume that the establishment or the press tells you all of the truth". Readers refer to it either as Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone or Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone. A number of other non-interactive media games and board games have been released such as Cluedo Harry Potter Edition, Scene It? Philosopher's Stone was the highest-grossing Harry Potter film up until the release of the final instalment of the series, Deathly Hallows Part 2, while Prisoner of Azkaban grossed the least. [13] The world only accessible to wizards and magical beings comprises a fragmented collection of overlooked hidden streets, ancient pubs, lonely country manors, and secluded castles invisible to the Muggle population.[9]. Rowling gives an account of the experience on her website saying:[51], "I had been writing almost continuously since the age of six but I had never been so excited about an idea before. The books are also, in the words of Stephen King, "shrewd mystery tales",[35] and each book is constructed in the manner of a Sherlock Holmes-style mystery adventure. He also discovers a talent of flying on broomsticks and is recruited for his house's Quidditch team, a sport in the wizarding world where players fly on broomsticks. Votes: 475,112 | Gross: $301.96M The proceeds from this event went to the New York Humane Society. The defenders of Hogwarts do not surrender after learning of Harry's presumed death and continue to fight on. "[200], At the 64th British Academy Film Awards in February 2011, Rowling was joined by producers David Heyman and David Barron along with directors David Yates, Alfonso Cuarón and Mike Newell in collecting the Michael Balcon Award for Outstanding British Contribution to Cinema on behalf of all the films in the series. [39] The American scholars Heather Arden and Kathrn Lorenz in particular argue that many aspects of the Potter stories are inspired by a 14th-century French Arthurian romance, Claris et Laris, writing of the "startling" similarities between the adventures of Potter and the knight Claris. Here’s a quick catalog of the series, so that you know what you’re in for: 1. [71], Some of the translators hired to work on the books were well-known authors before their work on Harry Potter, such as Viktor Golyshev, who oversaw the Russian translation of the series' fifth book. [40], According to Rowling, a major theme in the series is death: "My books are largely about death. The two-part game forms the first entry to convey an intense theme of action and violence, with the gameplay revolving around a third-person shooter style format. While all the readings were free, the donations from watchers combined came out to $10,200. It is said that J. K. Rowling sent her preliminary copy of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone to 12 publishers before it was accepted and published by Bloomsbury.The following is an incomplete list of publishers of the books all over the world. [146] However, the assumption that Harry Potter books have increased literacy among young people is "largely a folk legend". Since the release of the first novel, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, on 26 June 1997, the books have found immense popularity, positive reviews, and commercial success worldwide. 2. In 2016, she released three new e-books: Hogwarts: An Incomplete and Unreliable Guide, Short Stories from Hogwarts of Power, Politics and Pesky Poltergeists The first volume has been translated into Latin and even Ancient Greek,[69] making it the longest published work in Ancient Greek since the novels of Heliodorus of Emesa in the 3rd century AD. Yale professor, literary scholar, and critic Harold Bloom raised criticisms of the books' literary merits, saying, "Rowling's mind is so governed by clichés and dead metaphors that she has no other style of writing. [42], Hermione Granger teaches Harry Potter that the meaning of these verses from the Christian Bible are "living beyond death. [102], The popularity of the Harry Potter series has translated into substantial financial success for Rowling, her publishers, and other Harry Potter related license holders. [112] 6.9 million copies of Prince were sold in the U.S. within the first 24 hours of its release; in the United Kingdom more than two million copies were sold on the first day. Harry Potter Wiki is a FANDOM Movies Community. They have also hosted several Q+A's and watchings of Puffs on their YouTube and Instagram accounts. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone went on to become one of the best-selling PlayStation games ever. Harry discovers his handy Invisibility Cloak to be one of those items, and Voldemort to be searching for another: the Elder Wand, the most powerful wand in history. [128] In November 2019, the BBC listed the Harry Potter series on its list of the 100 most influential novels. [96] At the University of Michigan in 2009, StarKid Productions performed an original musical parodying the Harry Potter series called A Very Potter Musical. [203] The first film Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them was released in November 2016, followed by the second Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald in November 2018; the next three are due to be released in 2021, 2022 and 2024 respectively. The novels fall into the genre of fantasy literature, and qualify as a type of fantasy called "urban fantasy", "contemporary fantasy", or "low fantasy". Domestic TV Distribution that included U.S. broadcast, cable and streaming rights to the franchise, which ends in April 2025.[218]. The only exception to this school-centred setting is the final novel, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, in which Harry and his friends spend most of their time away from Hogwarts, and only return there to face Voldemort at the dénouement. Warner Bros. constructed two new sound stages to house and showcase the famous sets from each of the British-made productions, following a £100 million investment. [114], The Harry Potter series has been recognised by a host of awards since the initial publication of Philosopher's Stone including four Whitaker Platinum Book Awards (all of which were awarded in 2001),[115] three Nestlé Smarties Book Prizes (1997–1999),[116] two Scottish Arts Council Book Awards (1999 and 2001),[117] the inaugural Whitbread children's book of the year award (1999),[118] the WHSmith book of the year (2006),[119] among others. [172] In 1999, the winner of the Whitbread Book of the Year award children's division was entered for the first time on the shortlist for the main award, and one judge threatened to resign if Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was declared the overall winner; it finished second, very close behind the winner of the poetry prize, Seamus Heaney's translation of the Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf. The Harry Potter series of fantasy novels by J. K. Rowling is one of the most translated series of all time, with the first book, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, having been translated into over 76 languages.This includes languages diverse as Azerbaijani, Malayalam and Welsh as well as the dead languages Latin and Ancient Greek.This makes it the longest published work in … Four years later, on 8 July 2014, Universal opened a Harry Potter-themed area at the Universal Studios Florida theme park. Ron's younger sister, Ginny Weasley, enrolls in her first year at Hogwarts, and finds an old notebook in her belongings which turns out to be the diary of a previous student, Tom Marvolo Riddle, written during World War II. [215] Forthcoming productions are planned for Broadway[216] and Melbourne.[217]. [28] All three of these books contain extra information about the wizarding world not included in the original novels. Fantastic Beasts: Cases from the Wizarding World, Háreios Potḗr kai hē tou philosóphou líthos. The book itself was finished on 11 January 2007 in the Balmoral Hotel, Edinburgh, where she scrawled a message on the back of a bust of Hermes. [195] Rowling has been constantly supportive of all the films and evaluated Deathly Hallows as her "favourite one" in the series. These reveal that in order to preserve his life, Voldemort has split his soul into pieces, used to create a series of Horcruxes – evil enchanted items hidden in various locations, one of which was the diary destroyed in the second book. ", "Differences in the UK and US Versions of Four Harry Potter Books", "J.K.Rowling Official Site. [225], This article is about the series of novels. [7] Along the same lines is the ever-present theme of adolescence, in whose depiction Rowling has been purposeful in acknowledging her characters' sexualities and not leaving Harry, as she put it, "stuck in a state of permanent pre-pubescence". [106] The first novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, has sold in excess of 120 million copies, making it one of the bestselling books in history. [65] Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince was published on 16 July 2005; it sold 9 million copies in the first 24 hours of its worldwide release. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban 4. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Rowling expanded the Harry Potter universe with several short books produced for various charities. In the epilogue, Harry and Ginny are married with three children, and Ron and Hermione are married with two children.[22]. [12] The books also contain many flashbacks, which are frequently experienced by Harry viewing the memories of other characters in a device called a Pensieve. The first book concludes with Harry's second confrontation with Lord Voldemort, who, in his quest to regain a body, yearns to gain the power of the Philosopher's Stone, a substance that bestows everlasting life and turns any metal into pure gold.[14]. Throughout the Harry Potter books, there are some variations between the Bloomsbury (British) and Scholastic (American) editions. [62] Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire was published on 8 July 2000 at the same time by Bloomsbury and Scholastic. The series continues with Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, describing Harry's second year at Hogwarts. His magical ability is inborn, and children with such abilities are invited to attend exclusive magic schools that teach the necessary skills to succeed in the wizarding world. The newspaper created a new children's section covering children's books, including both fiction and non-fiction, and initially counting only hardback sales. [111] In the United States, the book's initial printing run was 3.8 million copies. The musical was awarded Entertainment Weekly's 10 Best Viral Videos of 2009. Due to the fourth film beginning its production before the third's release, Mike Newell was chosen as the director for Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, released on 18 November 2005. Objectives usually occur in and around Hogwarts, along with various other magical areas. "[158] In a 12 August 2007, review of Deathly Hallows in The New York Times, however, Christopher Hitchens praised Rowling for "unmooring" her "English school story" from literary precedents "bound up with dreams of wealth and class and snobbery", arguing that she had instead created "a world of youthful democracy and diversity". An epilogue "Nineteen Years Later" (set on 1 September 2017)[21] describes the lives of the surviving characters and the effects of Voldemort's death on the Wizarding World. Flourish and Blotts is the name of the book shop in Harry Potter. Since then, the rights to the show has been released (including a junior version) through Samuel French, Inc. (now Concord Theatricals). Jun 25 2017 • 9:00 AM ... His name is right there in the title. Instead, Harry must deal with the knowledge that he has been targeted by Sirius Black, his father's best friend, and, according to the Wizarding World, an escaped mass murderer who assisted in the murder of Harry's parents. [169][170], The books also aroused controversies in the literary and publishing worlds. [214] The first four months of tickets for the June–September performances were sold out within several hours upon release. [126] Three of the books placed among the "Top 100 Chapter Books" of all time, or children's novels, in a 2012 survey published by School Library Journal: Sorcerer's Stone ranked number three, Prisoner of Azkaban 12th, and Goblet of Fire 98th. Harry meets most of the main characters and gains his two closest friends: Ron Weasley, a fun-loving member of an ancient, large, happy, but poor wizarding family, and Hermione Granger, a gifted, bright, and hardworking witch of non-magical parentage. [39], Both Percival and Potter are however outsiders in the places that they belong, unfamiliar with the rules of knighthood and magic, but both show extraordinary natural abilities with Percival proving himself an exceptional fighter while Potter is an excellent player of Quidditch. by Amy Ratcliffe. Both MuggleCast and PotterCast[93] have reached the top spot of iTunes podcast rankings and have been polled one of the top 50 favourite podcasts. Due to the appeal of the books among an adult audience, Bloomsbury commissioned a second line of editions in an 'adult' style. He also argued "through no fault of Rowling's", the cultural and marketing "hysteria" marked by the publication of the later books "trains children and adults to expect the roar of the coliseum, a mass-media experience that no other novel can possibly provide". Most recently, themed attractions, collectively known as The Wizarding World of Harry Potter, have been built at several Universal Parks & Resorts amusement parks around the world. Rowling completed Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone in 1995 and the manuscript was sent off to several prospective agents. [66][67] The seventh and final novel, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was published on 21 July 2007. However, he wrote that despite the story being "a good one", he is "a little tired of discovering Harry at home with his horrible aunt and uncle", the formulaic beginning of all seven books. Harry Potter and Lego Harry Potter models, which are influenced by the themes of both the novels and films. [79][80], In September 2012, Rowling mentioned in an interview that she might go back to make a "director's cut" of two of the existing Harry Potter books. [147], Research by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) has found no increase in reading among children coinciding with the Harry Potter publishing phenomenon, nor has the broader downward trend in reading among Americans been arrested during the rise in the popularity of the Harry Potter books. They are mainly dramas, and maintain a fairly serious and dark tone throughout, though they do contain some notable instances of tragicomedy and black humour.